Monday, 20 June 2011

topic that we want to learn more in the future

Di masa akan datang,topik yang ingin kami pelajari adalah tentang cara-cara mengubahsuai grafik yang terdapat di Linux. Apabila pengubahsuaian boleh dilakukan ,ia dapat menarik minat  pngguna menggunakan Linux.
Selain itu,kami juga ingin mempelajari menggunakan "operating sistem" yang lain selain daripada Ubuntu dan Fedora. Diantaranya  ialah suse,mandrake,debian dan sebagainya. ini bertujuan untuk kami lebih memahami tentang sistem UNIX yang telah wujud.



After we learn on open sourcewe can various knowledge  in opensource.Having 8 study,among them chapter 1,opensource  and linux fundamentalschapter 2 on the other hand installation oflinux distributionchapter 3 linux desktop environmentchapter 4  linux file system  distribution.Chapter 5 on the other hand on linux shell.Chapter 6 linux in networkingchapter linux services  and configuration.Lastly troubleshoot linux system.

Among topics that striking  we was chapter  this 5 linux shell.The chapter explain about what shell meaning and also interest use shell script.Linux shell also rotation on various file system types.Types of file system is bfs, ext2 ,ext3 ,reisers and vfx.

In Future on open source,we want to more knowlegde details about open source.Such as we want the all the topic in open source more advanced and we can understanding.Topic that we want study with any further is chapter related to installation of linux distribution because this topic teach us study how for install linux.When you  job in company you can know and how to install any software and hardware. 

Saturday, 11 June 2011

Reference Material on Open Source Software


Open source

Open source is collective power in action. The power of a worldwide community of highly skilled experts that build, share and improve the very latest software together - then make it available to everyone.
The term open source was coined in 1998 to remove the ambiguity in the English word 'free' and it continues to enjoy growing success and wide recognition. Although some people regard ‘free’ and ‘open source' as competing movements with different ends, we do not. Ubuntu proudly includes members who identify with both.

Free software

Ubuntu software is free. Always was, always will be. Free software gives everyone the freedom to use it however they want and share with whoever they like. This freedom has huge benefits. At one end of the spectrum it enables the Ubuntu community to grow and share its collective experience and expertise to continually improve all things Ubuntu. At the other, we are able to give access to essential software for those who couldn’t otherwise afford it – an advantage that’s keenly felt by individuals and organisations all over the world.
Quoting the Free Software Foundation's, 'What is Free Software,' the freedoms at the core of free software are defined as:
The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.
  • The freedom to study how the program works and adapt it to your needs.
  • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others.
  • The freedom to improve the program and release your improvements to the public, so that everyone benefits.

Save The Money?
Can you save money by moving your business to GNU/Linux? The short answer is that you can. However, the long answer is that how much you save — or if you save at all — depends upon your resources and choices. If you are lucky, you might find a study comparable to your situation to help you plan, but most of these studies are biased one way or the other, so you should still need to do your own assessment as you plan the move.

About Linux

 Linux, originally created by Linus Torvalds, is an operating system that is freely distributed under the terms of the GNU Public License. It behaves like Unix, but does not come from the same source code base. Linux is available in both source code and binary form.
Linux offers standard Unix features, such as multiuser support, multitasking, networking, and POSIX compliance. It supports all the standard Unix utilities and can compile most major Unix packages with little effort. DOS emulation is also available, and an X Window System-based Microsoft Windows compatibility layer, called Wine, is in development.
The complete Linux operating system consists of the Linux core, or kernel, combined with the utilities and applications required for a fully functional operating system. There are several such combinations, called distributions, put out by various companies, and there is no such thing as an official version.

Icons for linux

Icons for linux are icons that are used for non-commercial purposes. There are many
categories with the linux icons. There are
several linux interfaces. There are also
second hand linux icons. These icons are
used to convert various software programs.
The linux icons are created differently with
the use of more amount of graphics. These
icons are available in different format and
sizes. There are also other versions of
icons for linux. They are more creative in
their design and attractive.

These icons are made of many colors and they
are also available in different versions.
These icons can be set to auto mode and they
can be used on several applications. These
icons are created with a lively background
and the picture image is realistic. Icons
for linux are visually perfect and designed
to be used on much software. You can create
your own icon or download icons for linux
from genuine icon providers available online.

Wednesday, 8 June 2011

Way develop interest open source

Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that is available in source code form: the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, improve and at times also to distribute the software.There are many  various ways to understand about open source.This explains some simple ways to learn it in exchange. Which way are: -

  • Book guide   
  • Through the aplications
  • Look at the interface


Tuesday, 7 June 2011

History open source

A History of "Open Source"

Author    :Eric Kidd
Posted    :8/19/2000; 3:09:36 PM
Topic     :A History of "Open Source"
Msg #     :19844
Prev/Next :19843 / 19845

I'd like to tell you a story about what everyone calls "open source" software. There's a lot of heros, a wild-eyed visionary (who might be a madman), but no villians. At least not yet.
It's a pretty long story, and I'm only telling you a few of the parts I know.
This story started almost twenty years ago, and it isn't over yet.

Richard Stallman

  • Early 80's, a Richard Stallman worked for MIT
  • He spent huge amounts of time working on the original Emacs, an operating system called ITS, and the exceedingly cool LISP machines.
        Stallman wrote good software. His programs were clever--they were frequently built around a few good ideas that made everything else easy.But Stallman was also an ideologue. His software came with instructions: Share this code with your fellow users. Learn from it. Improve upon it. And when you're done, please give something back to the community.

To Stallman, this sharing was a moral principle. And as it turned out, Stallman would happily turn down money, fame and glory in the name of his moral principles.

""You can read the whole story in Levy's excellent (but out-of-print) book, Hackers: Heros of the Computer Revolution"".

Linus Torvalds
  •   By 1991, the GNU Project had either written or located most of the parts of a complete Unix system. 
           Stallman (and other volunteers) were working on a kernel called the HURD. Unfortunately, the HURD was a bit too clever, and the team had gotten in over their heads. They certainly weren't in any danger of shipping.

    Meanwhile, young Linus Torvalds was hacking on a tiny kernel, just a toy. He announced it on comp.os.minix:

    “I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones.”
          To compile Linux, you needed GCC. To run any programs, you needed the GNU C library. And half of the programs available for Linux were originally written by GNU volunteers.
    ·        Linus never made any secret of his debt to the GNU project. He even decided to use their (rather complicated) software license as a way of saying
     thank you.............

    References :-